Lahemaa Rahvuspark was opened on July 1, 1971.
LAHEMAA in Estonian means “the land of gulfs.” And, in fact, the coastline has a lot of gulfs – Hara, Eru, Käsmu, etc.
Juminda cape is the most northern point of the country.
There are a lot of animals in Lähemaa, both big and small: wild boars, lynxes, brown bears, wolves, roe deer, beavers, foxes, hares, and others
Walking is the most popular type of rest in Lähemaa:
Võsu–Nõmmeveski. On the way, you can see Tandemäe gravesites, enjoy the forest, have a look at Joaveski cliff, and Nõmmeveski canyon. There are camping sites and fireplaces along the walking path, so if the weather is fine, you can extend the walk for several days.
Beaver’s path is only one kilometre long. It runs along the Altja river. The name says it all: beavers live at the path, and you can see their traces, like many gnawed trees.
Majakivi–Pikanõmme study path begins at the parking lot near Hara–Juminda road that runs along the eastern side of the peninsula. Two km of the eight-shape path is wooden boardwalk. The study path is marked with white and green signs, and there are three large and nine small information stands on it. Majakivi, the third big rock of Estonia, is at this path.
Käsmu village was first mentioned in historical documents in 1453. There was a maritime school in Käsmu, and every family had their own captain or navigator. More than 150 captains graduated from this village; therefore, Käsmu was called “the village of captains.” KURADISAAR (Hell’s island) is not far from Käsmu village. You can walk there, but still, you will have your feet wet. Zigzag walk on rocks may seem a bit extreme and emotional, but generally, it is safe. Käsmu Rock: is the biggest of LAHEMAA with the diameter of more than 20 meters. Almost all stone giants have individual names, carefully noted on the park maps. But the park is famous not only for its natural beauty.
VIHULA MÕIS Vihula manor is one of the oldest in Lahemaa and dates back to 1501. Today the total area of the buildings is 8 thousand square meters, and there is a beautiful park around the main houses.
PALMSE MÕIS is the very centre of the National Park Lahemaa. The manor that we see today was built in the late XVII century and reconstructed in 1785. Here you can visit an auto museum, including Alexandra Kollontay’s black executive car. You can walk in the park whose paths are 12 km long and stroll by waterfalls and beautiful landscapes. There are piles of stones in the territory of the manor. In the years of poor yield, local landlords helped their peasants and offered grain for food. Grateful peasants decided to clear the fields of the stones. That was how these piles grew. There are also 13 rocks with a diameter of 10 meters in the manor.
SAGADI MÕIS – Sagadi manor is the pearl of the national park. It is unique to be perfectly preserved almost as it was built. The history of the manor is more than 500 years. The manor is on the hill among fields and is surrounded by a beautiful park. There is also a pond in the shape if infinity sign, that once symbolised the infinite love of the manor owner to his wife. Large flocks of cranes stop here in the autumn when moving south. Today the manor hosts the forest museum, telling about the types of trees and grass that grow in Estonia, as well as about the birds and animals of Lahemaa.
Võsu village is one of the oldest summer resorts in the Northern Estonia, founded in XIX century. Then Võsu was a popular destination for vacations where many notable people came from Revel, Derpt, St. Petersburg, or Moscow. Its three-kilometre-long beach is one of the most popular in Northern Estonia.
TAMMISEA KÜLA – Tammisea village is in the territory of the Lahemaa national park. For us, this place became a beloved home since 1996, when we opened our first camp here. Interesting enough, the village was here 500 years ago, and only the name changed a bit: now it is Tammispea, not Tammispe as earlier. Before 1997 Tammispea was a part of the village Vihasoo therefore we used it as the second name of our camp (the first was Chudelandia or Magic Land). The village is small, officially 50 people live here, though it is more in summer, but however small it is, there are very attractive places of interest – natural landmark, Tammispea glacier rock. The dimensions are: 11.2 x 7.1 x 7.8 m, the circumference is about 27.8 m, the over-ground volume is 262 m. It is the highest glacial rock of the mainland Estonia. Aivar Simpson, Estonian sculptor lives and works here.